try Keyword
This page was last reviewed on Oct 11, 2023.
Dot Net Perls
Try. The try keyword begins an exception handling block. Control flow enters a protected region. If an error occurs in a statement in a try block, another path may be reached.
We already know that try is used to implement exception handling, but it is useful to take a closer look. Try is implemented with a special instruction in the intermediate language.
An example. In this program, 2 methods are present. We see the A method, which uses the try and catch keywords, and the B method, which does not.
And In the A method, the try keyword denotes that a protected region of code begins.
Note This means when the DivideByZeroException is thrown, the catch block will be entered.
using System; class Program { static void Main() { A(); B(); } static void A() { try { int value = 1 / int.Parse("0"); } catch { Console.WriteLine("A"); } } static void B() { int value = 1 / int.Parse("0"); Console.WriteLine("B"); } }
A Unhandled Exception: System.DivideByZeroException: Attempted to divide by zero. at Program.B() in C:\...\Program.cs:line 25 at Program.Main() in C:\...\Program.cs:line 8
Finally. The try keyword is not only used to deal with potential errors. It is also used with finally. A finally block executes always after the completion of the try block statements.
Here In this program, no errors occur. It is unlikely that Console.WriteLine will throw an exception here.
And The try-finally blocks are likely unnecessary. The program shows the try statement's use in the absence of exceptions.
using System; class Program { static void Main() { try { Console.WriteLine("A"); } finally { Console.WriteLine("B"); } } }
Protected regions. We next look at the intermediate representation (IL). When a method uses exception handling, the IL shows an ending descriptor (try, to, catch object handler, to).
Intermediate Language
Note This tells the virtual execution engine how to execute the statements in the method in those ranges.
.method private hidebysig static void A() cil managed { .maxstack 2 L_0000: ldc.i4.1 L_0001: ldstr "0" L_0006: call int32 [mscorlib]System.Int32::Parse(string) L_000b: div L_000c: pop L_000d: leave.s L_001c L_000f: pop L_0010: ldstr "A" L_0015: call void [mscorlib]System.Console::WriteLine(string) L_001a: leave.s L_001c L_001c: ret .try L_0000 to L_000f catch object handler L_000f to L_001c }
Notes, opcodes. There is no "try" opcode instruction in the same way there is a call instruction. Exception handling is built into the execution engine at all levels.
And The engine knows at every statement whether it is inside a protected region.
Thus Try is a keyword that modifies many statements, not an imperative opcode.
Summary. We used the try keyword. And we tried to understand its implementation. It specifies a range of protected statements, and is always used with catch or finally.
This functionality is built into the virtual execution engine at a deep level. Try is an important and useful C# keyword. It helps with the development of error-proof, reliable code.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Oct 11, 2023 (edit).
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