strings.Trim, TrimSpace and TrimFunc ExamplesUse the Trim func to remove spaces and other runes from the left and right of strings.
This page was last reviewed on Dec 1, 2022.
Trim. Often a string has leading or trailing characters on it (like whitespace) that we do not want. These can be stripped or trimmed away.
In Golang we can invoke the Trim func, or one of its many variants like TrimPrefix. We can remove more than just spaces—any rune, or range of runes, can be trimmed.
Trim, TrimLeft, TrimRight. Let us begin with the simplest Trim methods. We can call Trim with 2 arguments—a string containing characters to remove is the second argument.
Here We just remove spaces by passing a 1-char space string. The TrimSpace func could be used instead of Trim.
package main import ( "fmt" "strings" ) func main() { test := " hello " // Remove spaces with Trim, TrimLeft, TrimRight. result1 := strings.Trim(test, " ") result2 := strings.TrimLeft(test, " ") result3 := strings.TrimRight(test, " ") fmt.Println("{" + result1 + "}") fmt.Println("{" + result2 + "}") fmt.Println("{" + result3 + "}") }
{hello} {hello } { hello}
TrimSpace. For just spaces and newlines, we can use TrimSpace. This is a better choice if a variety of whitespace runes may be present on the start or end of a string.
Tip The whitespace can be in any order—spaces can be before or after newlines.
package main import ( "fmt" "strings" ) func main() { test := " hello \n" // Remove leading and training whitespace chars. result1 := strings.TrimSpace(test) fmt.Println("{" + result1 + "}") }
Prefix, suffix. In Golang we find many "prefix" and "suffix" funcs. These act on the starts and ends of strings. A prefix or suffix that we want to remove is passed as the second argument.
Important For TrimPrefix and TrimSuffix, the string is left unchanged if the argument cannot be found.
package main import ( "fmt" "strings" ) func main() { test1 := "https://www.example.com/" fmt.Println(":::TRIM PREFIX:::") result1 := strings.TrimPrefix(test1, "https://") fmt.Println(result1) fmt.Println(":::TRIM SUFFIX:::") result2 := strings.TrimSuffix(test1, ".com/") fmt.Println(result2) // If we try to trim something that is not there, nothing happens. result3 := strings.TrimSuffix(test1, ".net/") fmt.Println(result3) }
:::TRIM PREFIX::: www.example.com/ :::TRIM SUFFIX::: https://www.example https://www.example.com/
TrimFunc. We can use TrimFunc and pass a func that receives a rune (and returns a bool) as the second argument. The func can test the rune's value and return true if it should be trimmed.
Here We use the ASCII range for a digit value in the func. If the ASCII value represents a digit between 0 and 9, we remove it.
And The result has the leading and trailing digits stripped. Only the Hello remains.
package main import ( "fmt" "strings" ) func main() { source := "123Hello4567" // Use TrimFunc with a rune-testing function. // ... If rune is a digit in ASCII return true. // These chars are removed. result := strings.TrimFunc(source, func(c rune) bool { return c >= 48 && c <= 57 }) fmt.Println("{" + result + "}") }
A review. Trimming strings is important in Golang programs. We access Trim funcs in the "strings" package—be sure to import "strings" in your program.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
No updates found for this page.
© 2007-2024 Sam Allen.