Sort by File Size
This page was last reviewed on Feb 6, 2024.
Dot Net Perls
Sort files, size. What are the largest files in a folder? In Java we can list the files in a directory with Files.newDirectoryStream, and then with records, we can sort the data.
With a lambda expression, we can use Collections.sort to order an ArrayList's contents. This allows us to sort by file size in ascending, and descending, order.
Example. This Java program is all contained in the main() method, but it uses classes from 3 different locations. We have 3 import statements at the top to make those classes easier to access.
Step 1 To store the file data we collect, we use a local record type called SizeData. We place the files in an ArrayList.
Step 2 We get a Path class instance for a directory on the disk. When running this program, change the path to one that exists.
Step 3 We call Files.newDirectoryStream to loop over the files in the directory. We use a try-catch block as this may throw an exception.
Step 4 We get the size of each file from its Path, and then store that data along with the Path in a record. We add the record to the ArrayList.
Step 5 We use Collections.sort, passing a lambda expression with Long.compare to order the records in the ArrayList by the size field.
Step 6 We display the files by looping over the records within the ArrayList. Files are ordered from largest to smallest.
import java.io.*; import java.nio.file.*; import java.util.*; public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { // Step 1: create ArrayList of records to store file data. record SizeData (Path name, long size) {} var items = new ArrayList<SizeData>(); // Step 2: get path. var path = FileSystems.getDefault().getPath("programs"); // Step 3: loop over files in a directory. try (var stream = Files.newDirectoryStream(path)) { // Step 4: store the file size of each path in a record, and add it to the ArrayList. for (Path entry : stream) { var size = Files.size(entry); items.add(new SizeData(entry, size)); } } catch (IOException exception) { } // Step 5: use lambda expression with Collections.sort. Collections.sort(items, (a, b) -> Long.compare(b.size, a.size)); // Step 6: display files sorted by size. for (var item : items) { System.out.println(item); } } }
SizeData[name=programs/words.txt, size=1743328] SizeData[name=programs/Program.java, size=1114] SizeData[name=programs/program.js, size=812] SizeData[name=programs/program.go, size=723] SizeData[name=programs/program.scala, size=676] SizeData[name=programs/program.php, size=619] SizeData[name=programs/program.py, size=515] SizeData[name=programs/program.rb, size=247] SizeData[name=programs/program.swift, size=79] SizeData[name=programs/example.txt, size=18]
Ascending, descending. To change the sort order to ascending (low to high), we can swap the arguments to Long.compare. We then have a ascending sort.
Summary. Sometimes the most important files are also the largest ones. By sorting files by their sizes, we can gain insight into which files may be the most important ones.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Feb 6, 2024 (new).
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