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return Keyword (Return Multiple Values)Use the return keyword to return values from methods. Return multiple values in a tuple.
Python
This page was last reviewed on Jun 25, 2023.
Return. This is a Python keyword. We use return to signal the end of a method. We can place one or more return values in a method—they are executed when encountered.
In Python, we find different terms for things like "void" methods. And for "no value" we have the special None value. Tuples can return multiple things at once.
No return value. Methods in Python do not need to return a value. If we use the "return" statement alone, no value is returned. This is called a void method in other languages.
Note Clarity of code is important. Sometimes, having more symmetry in a method (where "return" is used for all paths) is a clearer design.
def printname(first, middle, last): # Validate middle initial length. if len(middle) != 1: print("Middle initial too long") return # Display. print(first + " " + middle + ". " + last) # Call method. printname("Jake", "R", "Chambers")
Jake R. Chambers
Return none. When a method has no return value specified, and it terminates, the None value is returned. We can test for None. Here, example() returns None unless "x" is greater than zero.
None
def example(x): # Return a value only if argument is greater than zero. if x > 0: return x print(example(0)) print(example(1))
None 1
Return multiple values. A tuple is a small container for more than one value. We can return 2 or more values from a method at once with a tuple. These values can be unpacked.
def get_names_uppercase(a, b): # This method returns 2 strings in a tuple. return (a.upper(), b.upper()); # Get tuple from the method. result = get_names_uppercase("vidiadhar", "naipaul") print(result) # Extract first and second return values. first = result[0] second = result[1] print(first) print(second)
('VIDIADHAR', 'NAIPAUL') VIDIADHAR NAIPAUL
A summary. The return keyword is an essential part of Python programs. With it we direct the flow of control. We can return multiple values with a special type like a tuple.
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Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
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