double Numbers: Double.BYTES and Double.SIZEUse the double numeric type, accessing Double.BYTES and Double.SIZE.
Java
Double. A double is twice the size of a float. It is 8 bytes (which is equal to 64 bits). Doubles are used to store floating point values. In Java, we use the Double class to access static methods and constants on a double. We can find useful constants like BYTES but also methods like isNaN to test for special double values.
First example, constants. Here we show some constants on the Double class. We find that the MIN and MAX double values are in a large range. public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { // This is the number of bytes. System.out.println(Double.BYTES); // Size is the number of bits. System.out.println(Double.SIZE); // Print min and max. System.out.println("MIN: " + Double.MIN_VALUE); System.out.println("MAX: " + Double.MAX_VALUE); } }
8 64 MIN: 4.9E-324 MAX: 1.7976931348623157E308
Locals, casts. Next we try casting some doubles. We can convert ints and floats (and other smaller numeric types) to doubles without a cast. This is a widening cast.
float
Cast
Detail The lowercase "d" indicates double literal. So if we want a literal of type double, use the "d" as a suffix.
public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { // Use double local variables. double value1 = 1.0d; double value2 = 1; double value3 = (double) 1; // A double can be assigned to a float value. float test = 1.0f; double value4 = test; System.out.println(value1); System.out.println(value2); System.out.println(value3); System.out.println(value4); } }
1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Double tests. The Double class has several static methods. These include isNaN, isFinite and isInfinite which tell us things about the double argument we provide.
Tip Special values on a double like NaN are stored within the double's bytes as a special code.
public class Program { static void test(double v) { // Use methods to test the double. if (Double.isNaN(v)) { System.out.println("Not a number"); } if (Double.isFinite(v)) { System.out.println("Finite"); } if (Double.isInfinite(v)) { System.out.println("Infinite"); } } public static void main(String[] args) { // An array of doubles. double[] values = { Double.NaN, Double.NEGATIVE_INFINITY, Double.POSITIVE_INFINITY, 100 }; // Test all doubles in array. for (double v : values) { System.out.println(":: TEST ::"); System.out.println(v); test(v); } } }
:: TEST :: NaN Not a number :: TEST :: -Infinity Infinite :: TEST :: Infinity Infinite :: TEST :: 100.0 Finite
Truncate. To truncate a double, we can cast it to an int. But this will not always work. We can use a method that combines Math.floor and Math.ceil for correct results.
A review. In my experience double is best reserved for special situations. If floating point is necessary, a double is a simpler choice than float, as floats can be easily cast to doubles.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.