ControlUse the Control type in Windows Forms. Cast more derived objects to the Control type.
This page was last reviewed on Sep 25, 2022.
Control. Windows Forms is built upon an object-oriented type hierarchy. This means that items such as your TextBox and Button are derived from a base class Control.
Control notes. You can act upon all controls, like TextBox and Button, using the base Control class. This can be useful in some programs, and in loops.
Example. To start, add several TextBox and Button controls to the enclosing Form. Next, add the Form1_Load event by double-clicking on the window itself.
Detail This loop acts upon the base.Controls collection. You are accessing each TextBox and Button (among others) in this loop.
However The TextBox and Button instances are being accessed through a reference to their base class.
Detail You can use the "is" and "as" casts to determine the derived type of the Control reference.
Also You can even mutate the properties of the Control instances by assigning their properties.
using System; using System.Windows.Forms; namespace WindowsFormsApplication1 { public partial class Form1 : Form { public Form1() { InitializeComponent(); } private void Form1_Load(object sender, EventArgs e) { // Loop through each Control in ControlCollection. foreach (Control control in base.Controls) { if (control is TextBox) { control.Text = "box"; } else if (control is Button) { control.Text = "push"; } } } } }
LINQ. You can use the LINQ extensions to the C# language to use the Controls collection. The OfType extension can make searching for all Control instances of a certain derived type easier.
Summary. The Control type lets you access all the items such as TextBox, Button and more in a unified way. This can improve the clarity of your C# code.
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Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Sep 25, 2022 (edit).
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