Console.ReadLine Example
This page was last reviewed on Nov 14, 2022.
Dot Net Perls
Console.ReadLine. This reads input from the console. When the user presses enter, it returns a string. We can process this string like any other in a C# program.
Shows a console
Program usage. C# programs will often use Console.ReadLine in a loop. With ReadLine() method calls we can repeatedly prompt for input.
An example. When developing programs you will often want to loop through user inputs. This example shows how to use a "while (true)" loop and the Console.ReadLine method to do this.
Next The example shows how to test the string value of the result. It shows how to access the Length property of that string.
String Length
Detail Here the code loops infinitely while prompting the user in each iteration.
And The program shows the length for each string typed. If the user types "exit", then the program immediately terminates.
Shows a console
using System; class Program { static void Main() { while (true) // Loop indefinitely { Console.WriteLine("Enter input:"); // Prompt string line = Console.ReadLine(); // Get string from user if (line == "exit") // Check string { break; } Console.Write("You typed "); // Report output Console.Write(line.Length); Console.WriteLine(" character(s)"); } } }
Enter input: Dot You typed 3 character(s) Enter input: Net Perls You typed 9 character(s) Enter input:
Example 2. Here we use the string from Console.ReadLine as an integer value. You can invoke the int.TryParse method to see if the result string is an integer representation.
Next This program tries to multiply an integer value received by the user by 10 and display the product.
Detail The string "line" is assigned to the reference of the string data allocated by Console.ReadLine and filled with the input.
Then The int.TryParse static method tests for a numeric value, and if this test succeeds we can then use the integer.
using System; class Program { static void Main() { Console.WriteLine("Type an integer:"); string line = Console.ReadLine(); // Read string from console int value; if (int.TryParse(line, out value)) // Try to parse the string as an integer { Console.Write("Multiply integer by 10: "); Console.WriteLine(value * 10); // Multiply the integer and display it } else { Console.WriteLine("Not an integer!"); } } }
Type an integer: 4356 Multiply integer by 10: 43560
Finally. You can insert a Console.ReadLine method call at the end of the Main method—or even in a finally block in the Main method.
And This will ensure the terminal window is never dismissed by Windows immediately on program completion.
A summary. We looked at the Console.ReadLine method, part of the System namespace. We used it to accept input in a loop and testing the result each time.
Second, we parsed the result of Console.ReadLine into an integer type for numerical processing. The Console.ReadLine method is useful in many console programs and is fairly simple to use.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
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