Integer.bitCount and toBinaryStringUse the bitCount method on the Integer class. BitCount returns the number of 1 bits in a value.
Java
BitCount. The Integer class provides the bitCount method. This uses an algorithm to return the number of bits set to 1 in the integer. As we know, integers are represented by bit patterns.
With BitCount, we count 1 bits with no special code. We can test the result of bitCount against toBinaryString and a char-counting algorithm.
A simple example. Here we use Integer.bitCount on some simple numbers. For 0, no bits are set to 1. For 1, only 1 bit is set. And for the largest integer, 31 bits are set to 1.
Note The value 0 has no bits set, and the value 1 has just one bit set. The MAX_VALUE has all except the sign bit set (31 bits).
public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { // Call bitCount on 0, 1 and MAX_VALUE. int bits0 = Integer.bitCount(0); int bits1 = Integer.bitCount(1); int bitsAll = Integer.bitCount(Integer.MAX_VALUE); System.out.println(bits0); System.out.println(bits1); System.out.println(bitsAll); } }
0 1 31
Simulation example. Here we run a little simulation. We test 10 random integers. We call bitCount on them and also use toBinaryString.
Random
Then We test the binary string against the bit count. We find the count of "one" values is equal to the result of bit count.
So The Java built-in code is consistent. Most Java code included is high-quality and well-tested.
import java.util.Random; public class Program { public static void main(String[] args) { Random rand = new Random(); // Generate 10 tests. for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++) { // Get a random int. int value = rand.nextInt(1000); // Use bitCount and toBinaryString. int count = Integer.bitCount(value); String result = Integer.toBinaryString(value); // Count 1 values in binary string. int charCount = 0; for (int z = 0; z < result.length(); z++) { if (result.charAt(z) == '1') { charCount++; } } // Print results. System.out.println(":: TEST ::"); System.out.println("BitCount: " + count); System.out.println("BinaryString: " + result); System.out.println("CharCount: " + charCount); } } }
:: TEST :: BitCount: 4 BinaryString: 101011 CharCount: 4 :: TEST :: BitCount: 4 BinaryString: 110110000 CharCount: 4 :: TEST :: BitCount: 6 BinaryString: 1110011010 CharCount: 6 :: TEST :: BitCount: 4 BinaryString: 1001100010 CharCount: 4 :: TEST :: BitCount: 5 BinaryString: 1010111000 CharCount: 5 :: TEST :: BitCount: 7 BinaryString: 1011110101 CharCount: 7 :: TEST :: BitCount: 7 BinaryString: 111011101 CharCount: 7 :: TEST :: BitCount: 4 BinaryString: 10011010 CharCount: 4 :: TEST :: BitCount: 5 BinaryString: 101011010 CharCount: 5 :: TEST :: BitCount: 4 BinaryString: 101000011 CharCount: 4
With bitCount and toBinaryString we access the underlying representation of an int. Usually in high-level code the bits are not needed, but they are sometimes important.
For advanced, memory-efficient algorithms like digital trees that have many nodes, bits can be used to guide a program's execution. This can yield algorithms of astonishing speed.
Tree
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Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.