2D List, Array Examples
This page was last reviewed on Dec 15, 2023.
Dot Net Perls
2D list. In Scala 3.3 we can create 2D spaces with nested lists or tuples. For small regions, nested collections are helpful. For large ones, a more memory-efficient representation is needed.
Shows a 2d list
More dimensions. In Scala, we build 1 to 5 dimensional arrays with the Array.ofDim function. This can be useful, but often using 1D arrays can be sufficient.
First example. Here we create a List with two nested Lists within it. So this example shows a grid of 2 by 2 Ints. With println we can display all elements.
Note Length returns the count of rows (not of all elements) when using nested lists. Each nested List counts as just 1.
Info We can index within a nested list with the same syntax. And with foreach we can nest lambda expressions.
Shows a 2d list
object Program { def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = { // Create list of nested lists. val elements = List(List(20, 30), List(40, 50)) // Print elements. println(elements) println(elements.length) // Access top left element. val topLeft = elements(0)(0) println(s"Top left = $topLeft") // Loop over all elements with a foreach call. elements.foreach(_.foreach(println(_))) } }
List(List(20, 30), List(40, 50)) 2 Top left = 20 20 30 40 50
Nested tuples. Here we form a List of tuples (pairs). We add another pair to the beginning of our list, creating a new, modified list. We then enumerate our list with for.
Finally We print each item in the nested tuples. This is a representation of 4 rows and 2 columns, a 2D structure.
object Program { def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = { // Create list of tuples. val elements = List((10, 20), (30, 40), (50, 60)) // Add a tuple to the start of the list. val modified = (0, 10) :: elements // Loop over indices in the list. for (pair <- modified) { // Get both parts of the tuple. val left = pair._1 val right = pair._2 // Print parts of the tuple. println(s"Left = $left; Right = $right") } } }
Left = 0; Right = 10 Left = 10; Right = 20 Left = 30; Right = 40 Left = 50; Right = 60
Array.ofDim. Here is a 2D array. This is a more efficient, low-level representation of two-dimensional data. We create the array with the Array.ofDim function.
Note The two arguments to Array.ofDim are the row count and column count. We must provide a type argument.
Info We use the apply() and update() functions to change cells in our 2D array. With apply we access rows—these are 1D arrays.
Also On the rows, we use update() to change the value of cells. Finally we use nested for-loops to print all Int values.
object Program { def main(args: Array[String]): Unit = { // Create a 2D array of 3 rows and 3 columns. val numbers = Array.ofDim[Int](3, 3) // Update first row cells. val result1 = numbers.apply(0) result1.update(0, 900) result1.update(1, 800) result1.update(2, 700) // Update second row. val result2 = numbers.apply(1) result2.update(0, -1) // Update third row. val result3 = numbers.apply(2) result3.update(0, -2) // Loop over rows. for (row <- numbers) { // Loop over cells in rows. // ... Display all numbers on lines. for (cell <- row) { print(cell) print(" ") } println() } } }
900 800 700 -1 0 0 -2 0 0
Summary. Often, small 2D collections can be represented in simple, straightforward ways in Scala. We can nest Lists within Lists, or even nest related types like classes or tuples.
Dot Net Perls is a collection of tested code examples. Pages are continually updated to stay current, with code correctness a top priority.
Sam Allen is passionate about computer languages. In the past, his work has been recommended by Apple and Microsoft and he has studied computers at a selective university in the United States.
This page was last updated on Dec 15, 2023 (edit).
© 2007-2024 Sam Allen.