C# XmlTextReader

This C# example program shows the XmlTextReader. It reads in XML data stored in a string.
XmlTextReader. With XmlTextReader we parse XML data. This type acts upon a string containing XML markup. We use the XmlTextReader constructor and develop a custom parser for XML data. This is an efficient approach to XML parsing.XmlTextWriter
Example. Let's get started with this simple example program. A complete XML document is stored inside a string literal. With the StringReader constructor, we read this string as a StringReader.String Literal

Next: We pass the StringReader to the XmlTextReader constructor. In the while-loop, we read nodes and proceed if we detect a start element.


Switch: We process each tag name differently in the switch statement. We use ReadString to read in the next node as a string.

String Switch
C# program that uses XmlTextReader using System; using System.IO; using System.Xml; class Program { static void Main() { string input = @"<?xml version=""1.0"" encoding=""utf-16""?><List> <Employee><ID>1</ID><First>David</First> <Last>Smith</Last><Salary>10000</Salary></Employee> <Employee><ID>3</ID><First>Mark</First> <Last>Drinkwater</Last><Salary>30000</Salary></Employee> <Employee><ID>4</ID><First>Norah</First> <Last>Miller</Last><Salary>20000</Salary></Employee> <Employee><ID>12</ID><First>Cecil</First> <Last>Walker</Last><Salary>120000</Salary></Employee> </List>"; using (StringReader stringReader = new StringReader(input)) using (XmlTextReader reader = new XmlTextReader(stringReader)) { while (reader.Read()) { if (reader.IsStartElement()) { switch (reader.Name) { case "Employee": Console.WriteLine(); break; case "ID": Console.WriteLine("ID: " + reader.ReadString()); break; case "First": Console.WriteLine("First: " + reader.ReadString()); break; case "Last": Console.WriteLine("Last: " + reader.ReadString()); break; case "Salary": Console.WriteLine("Salary: " + reader.ReadString()); break; } } } } } } Output ID: 1 First: David Last: Smith Salary: 10000 ID: 3 First: Mark Last: Drinkwater Salary: 30000 ID: 4 First: Norah Last: Miller Salary: 20000 ID: 12 First: Cecil Last: Walker Salary: 120000
XmlReader. XmlReader and XmlTextReader are basically the same. When you call XmlTextReader.Create, an XmlReader is returned. But the XmlTextReader provides more constructors. The functionality is essentially the same.XmlReader
Summary. We looked at the XmlTextReader type in the C# programming language and the .NET Framework. With XmlTextReader, we gain more constructors for using an XmlReader. These types can be used to develop fast custom parsers for XML files.

But: If execution speed is not important, other types such as XElement can lead to faster development.

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