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C# Union: Combine and Remove Duplicate Elements

This C# example set uses the Union extension method from System.Linq. It combines collections removing duplicates.

Union.

This computes mathematical unions. This extension method, from System.Linq, acts upon 2 collections. It returns a new collection that contains the elements that are found.Extension

Union removes duplicates.

So this method can be thought of as two actions: it combines the two collections and then uses Distinct() on them, removing duplicate elements.Distinct

First,

Union() is found in System.Linq. So you will want to include the appropriate using-directive. The Union method will work with 2 collections of the same type of elements.

Tip: Union works on Lists and arrays. We use integer arrays, but they could be string arrays or integer List types.

ListArray

Thus: The Union of 1, 2, 3 and 2, 3, 4 is 1, 2, 3, 4. Elements are here compared for equality by Union using the default comparison logic.

C# program that invokes Union method using System; using System.Linq; class Program { static void Main() { // Create two example arrays. int[] array1 = { 1, 2, 3 }; int[] array2 = { 2, 3, 4 }; // Union the two arrays. var result = array1.Union(array2); // Enumerate the union. foreach (int value in result) { Console.WriteLine(value); } } } Output 1 2 3 4

Example 2.

Union does not sort. The first example makes the result appear sorted, but this is due to already-sorted arrays. Here, I union two unsorted char arrays. The result is not sorted.Char ArrayVarJoin
C# program that uses Union, unsorted chars using System; using System.Linq; class Program { static void Main() { char[] values1 = { 'a', 'z', 'c' }; char[] values2 = { 'c', 's' }; // Take union. var result = values1.Union(values2); Console.WriteLine(string.Join(",", result)); } } Output a,z,c,s

With Union,

we combine collections. An imperative approach would involve a hash table or Dictionary. But the Union method can resolve duplicates automatically.

Please note

the Intersect method. This returns only the shared elements in both collections it is called upon. It is similar to Union but with this important difference.Intersect
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